(Copyright ©2006 Polat Kaya)



In this essay, I will present the meanings associated with the name of an ancient Masarian (MISIR) king known by the name NARMER. He is known as the tenth king of the ancient MASAR State (falsely called "EGYPT") which was a Turanian state founded by the Turkish speaking Tur/Turk peoples - contrary to mountains of intentional misrepresentation. King "NARMER" is well known with an ancient Masarian artifact depicting this king on two faces of a so-called "Narmer Palette" which is said to be dating from some 3200 years B.C.. Below are the two faces of this ancient artfact. 


The most prominent feature of this ancient artifact is its personification of the identity of the ancient Turanian name "OGUZ the Sky-God" worshipped by Turanian people of ancient Masar as "Sky-God", and"Oguz the Man" as "ancestors" of Oguz/Tur/Turk peoples.



At the very top of these two faces of the "Narmer Palette", the ancient Turkic name for Sky-God OGUZ is clearly represented in picture writing with two bull-headed human face.





"God created man in his own image".
"First the WORD was, the WORD was with
God, and the WORD was a god" 
except that the "WORD" was "DE-US"
in Turkish meaning "WISE WORD". 
Hence, the word for GOD became DEUS,
or  DE-O  for  THEO, or SÖZ  for  ZEUS.
The Turkish language (i.e., the Sun Language)
 and the OGUZ (i.e., Sun-Moon) Religion
were the progenitors for all these.





At the top of both sides of this ancient Masarian artifact there is a panel with two "human-faced bull heads" with a space between them where the name of the king has been written in picture writing.  Embellishing the human heads (faces) with bull horns and ears makes them resemble the head of a "bull". Each bull-head represents the ancient Turanian Sky-God name OGUZ/OKUZ, that is the "O-KÖZ" meaning "that fire" referring to the Sun-God, and "O-GÖZ" meaning "That Eye" of the Sky God. One of the eyes represents the Sun, that is, the "right fire Eye" (Tr. "SAG KOR GÖZ") which was the Seeing Eye of the Sky-God, and the other represents the Moon, that is, the "left and blind Eye" (Tr. "KÖR GÖZ") of the Sky-God. Additionally the hieroglyphic "bull-faced" symbol is also the Turkish name OGUZ or OKUZ which in one hand represents the Turkish word "OKUZ" meaning "ox" or "bull" and in the other represents the name of the OGUZ (TUR) peoples.  The horns of the bull-faces also represent the "crescent moon" which again refers to the ancient Turanian Moon-God, the Crescent Moon.  The "sun' and the "crescent moon" symbols adorn the Turkish flag and represent the Turanian identity of the Tur Turk Oguz people. As a picture writing, the white crescent moon and white star symbols on a red (AL) background of the Turkish flag together would read "U-GÖZ" meaning "that Eye" and  "O-KÖZ" meaning "That Fire" referring to the Sun and the sky-God "OGUZ". 

The "eye" representations shown above are known as the "right and left eyes of Horus" in ancient MISIR (MASAR).


The space between the Bull-Heads is a throne symbol as if reserved for an invisible Sky-Father-God of ancient Turanians (Gök Tanru OGUZ and Gök Tanru TUR) whose name is only identified with a two-symbol hieroglyphic writing. The same writing is also the name of this ancient Turanian king in ancient Masar (Misir). The picture-glyphs are shown on the right and left side of the middle panel. This hieroglyphic writing has been read as NARMER or NARMAR.  (The hieroglyphic Narmer name is from url: http://www.ancientscripts.com/egyptian.html.)

The phonetic value of the top glyph in the writing has been identified as "NAR" from the name "NAR" given by the ancient Masarians to the red/golden colored 'cuttlefish'. The bottom symbol is the symbol of a "chisel" tool used in writing the glyphs on stone. The name given to this tool is said to be MER or MAR by the ancient Masarians. Actually this symbol is a representation of the cardinal number "one", that is "BIR" in Turkish. Thus these two hieroglyphic symbols together make up: a) the name of the Sky-God in Turkish, and b) the name of king NARMER who declares himself as God on earth. In my reading, the name of this ancient Masarian king was "NAR-BIR" rather than NARMER or NARMAR. 


See url: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/invertebrates/mollusk/cephalopod/Cuttlefishprintout.shtml

In Turkish, the word "NAR" has two meanings: 1. "glowing fire" and 2. Pomegranate tree and fruit. A pomegranate fruit and its flowers are crimson red in colour and so too is a glowing fire.  Thus "NAR" also represents the "RED" (Turkish "AL") colour.  Also embedded in the name of the hieroglyphic symbol of the "NAR" (fish) is the Turkish word "NUR" meaning "light".  Thus this ancient Masarian picture writing, as the title of this ancient Turanian king in the land of MISIR (MASAR), means both "NAR" (glowing fire) and "NUR" (glowing light) which, in Turkish, describes the "SUN", because the sun is certainly a "glowing fire" and also a "glowing light" in the sky.  Alternatively this glyph "NAR" and/or (NUR) can also refer to the Moon because the "full moon", being a good reflector of light from sun, is also an golden illuminator of the night sky with its Moonlight which is also "NUR". 

I noted above that the second glyph below the "NAR", that is, a "vertical line", is also a symbol of numeral "one", that is, Turkish "BIR". Thus with this new understanding, the reading of the name of the 10nth king of ancient Masar is read as:


  "NAR-BIR" or "BIR NAR" in Turkish, meaning "ONE GLOWING FIRE", and 

"NUR-BIR" or "BIR NUR" in Turkish, meaning "ONE GLOWING LIGHT".  

Thus by this title, this ancient king of Masar not only deifies himself in terms of the Sun-God and its glowing light, but also elevates himself as a god above the people whom he ruled.  These pictorial writings were in the phonetic and agglutinative language of Turkish contrary to mountains of misinformation about the ancient Turanian Masar language, which is falsely called "EGYPTIAN" language. Historically it is a fact that the ancient Masarians worshipped the Sun and the Moon.  It is clear that the name of this ancient Turanian king was in pure Turkish and that he had deified himself as the "glowing light and the fire" of the sun in accordance with the ancient Turanian religious traditions and deification concepts.  This was Turkish "TÖRE", "TORA", "TURA", and "TORAH" meaning the "law" and "tradition". Of course, these names were also the name TURindicating not only another name of the Sky-God, but also the TUR/TURK/OGUZ peoples. Thus king NARMER or NARMAR was a Turkish speaking TUR/TURK man ruling one of the most ancient Turanian states, that is, the ancient State of MASAR (MISIR), the name of which has been usurped by wandering gypsies and altered into "EGYPT" meaning "Gypsy" ("gezginci, çingene, arayan" in Turkish).

In another paper regarding the Sumerian writings, I had noted that the name TUR was suppressed from the Sumerian writings. For this fact, the reader should check the book entitled "A SUMERIAN READING BOOK" by C. J. GADD, (Oxford At the Clarendon Press, 1924, page 49), where it is noted as a footnote saying that: "TUR is read MAR in the name of this god".  This clearly shows that the name TUR was intentionally suppressed and thus obliterated from the transcriptions of Sumerian texts. Similar suppressions of ancient Turanian identities have also been done in reading the hieroglyphic writings of ancient Masar. It seems that the Turkish word "BIR" has been suppressed and replaced with "MAR" in the reading of this hieroglyph.  In view of this knowledge, we can reinsert the word TUR in place of MER or MAR in the name of this Turanian king, thus making the name "NAR-TUR" and "NUR-TUR" both of which mean "It is Glowing Fire", that is, the Sun: and "it is glowing light" which refers to both the Sun and the Moon. Additionally, these Turkish expressions state that TUR the Sky-God is "glowing fire" and also "glowing light". King NAR-MER / NAR-MAR / NAR-BIR / NUR-BIR, by taking such a title for himself, not only elevated himself by representing these sky deities on earth, he also immortalized these Turkish words that are older than 5,300 years - at the very least.  

It is clear from this analysis that:

1. The 10th founding father of ancient Masar, a Turanian state around the River Nile, was a Turkish speakingTuran TUR/TURK man.

2..  He gave himself a kingship title in Turkish representing the ancient Turanian trinity Sky-God concept., that is, Sky-Father-God (Gök-Ata-Tanri), The Sun-God (Gün-Tanri) and Moon-God (Ay-Tanri). 

3. The so-called "Narmer Palette" provides pictorial showing of this ancient Turanian OGUZ / AGUZ religion concept. 

4.  The human-faced "bulls" represent the name "OGUZ", that is, a prominent name of the Sky-God of the ancient Turanian Tur/Turk peoples.

5.  The "BULL" heads ornamenting the walls of shirines in Çatal Höyük discovered in Anatolia are additional verification of this ancient Turanian religious concept.  (see url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_%28mythology%29.)

6.  This artifact identifies the Turkish language words NAR, NUR, OGUZ, OKUZ, BIR as being ancient and at least 5,300 years old. 

7.  Ancient Turanians were the civilization givers to the world contrary to endless blatant lying that has changed ancient history. 



There are a considerable amount of writings about the Narmer Palette and the King "NARMER" on the internet. The following is one reference source from url: http://ancient-egypt.org/index.html

"Named after the Horus Narmer, whose titulary appears on both its faces, the Narmer Palette is a flat plate of schist of about 64 centimetres in height. Its size, weight and decoration suggest that it was a ceremonial palette, rather than an actual cosmetics palette for daily use.


It was found in Hierakonpolis, the ancient Pre-Dynastic capital located in the south of Egypt, by the British archaeologist J.E. Quibell during the excavation season of 1897/98, in a deposit, along with other artefacts stemming from the early beginnings of the recorded history of Ancient Egypt: fragments of a ceremonial mace head belonging to Narmer and some other mace head fragments inscribed with the name of the Horus 'Scorpion', one of Narmer's predecessors. The exact finding circumstances of the palette have not been noted and there appear to be some contradictions in the publication of Quibell's work at Hierakonpolis.


The ancient site of this city, called Nekhen by the Egyptians, its Greek name Hierakonpolis meaning ‘city of the falcon’, was long venerated by the ancient Egyptians as the early capital of the Kingdom of Upper Egypt. Just as Naqada or Nubt was the city of Set, Hierakonpolis or Nekhen was the city of the Falcon, first called Nekheny the Nekhenite and represented with two tall plumes on its head. He was assimilated very early with the falcon Horus, patron god of kingship, and Nekhen remained a cult center for Horus even after it was supplanted by Edfu as both provincial capital and temple center. This may have led to one of several outbreaks of strife during the First Intermediate Period. Edfu was taken over for a while by the governor of Hierakonpolis, who was named Ankhtifiy.


Nekhen lay in Upper Egypt, south of Naqada, and Thebes, and across the Nile from El-Kab, which became the city of Nekhbet the vulture deity and one of the two Ladies who guarded the kingship. It lay north of Aswan and just north of Edfu."


It is said that the Narmer Palette was found (1897/1898) in the ancient "Egyptian", that is, Masarian (MISIR) city of NEKHEN also known by the Greek name HIERAKONPOLIS meaning "city of Falcon".  Actually, the Greek name HIERAKONPOLIS is named after the Sun-God and its source is in Turkish.

The "Greek" name Hierakonpolis is an anagram of a Turkish expression that describes the city as a "Sun City". The name Hierakonpolis, when rearranged letter-by-letter as "PIR-KONASH-ELI-O", is found to be a restructured and disguised form of the Turkish expression "PIR-KONASH-ELI-O" (BIR GÜNES ILI O) meaning "It is a city of Sun", "It is a land of Sun" or by another name, "it is a Sun-city".  The Turkish words BIR (PIR) means "one" or "a", GÜNES means "Sun", ILI (ELI) means "city, province, country" and O means "it is". The Falcon God shown on the Narmer's Palette is also a symbol of the Sky-God Sun. 

The Greek name Hierakonpolis meaning "city of Falcon" is the "city of Sun" because "falcon" was also a Masarian logo of Sun. Even the name FALCON has embedded in it the Turkish expression "AL KON" (AL GÜN) meaning "red sun" or "Golden sun". Falcon is "DOGAN" in Turkish. But "DOGAN" also means "that which is born" - which the sun is every morning.

The Greek word IERAKOS  is given as meaning "falcon" or "hawk".  When this name is rearranged as "KOS IER-A", it is a restructured and disguised form of the Turkish expression "KUSh YER O" meaning "it eats birds" which describes a falcon and/or a hawk and any other bird of prey that eats other birds. So the Greeks used a Turkish expression describing one of the natural habits of the falcon - which is eating birds.  The Greek linguist-anagrammatizer used a descriptive Turkish expression in manufacturing a name for "falcon" instead of the Turkish proper name for "falcon" such as "dogan, sungur, shain, etc". 

Additionally, IERAKONPOLIS, when rearranged letter-by-letter as "PAI-SONKOR-ELI", is found to be a restructured and disguised form of the Turkish expression "BEY SUNKUR ILI" (BEY DOGAN ILI)meaning "city of lord Falcon" or "the land of lord Falcon" which metaphorically means it is the "Sun City". "Lord Falcon" is a personification of the so-called "HORUS" which represents the Sky-God. 

The Turanian origin of the name of this capital city of the ancient Masar (Misir) is also verified by its Masarian name NEKHEN.  When this name is rearranged as "KEN-HEN", it is found to be a form of the Turkish name "KÜN HAN" meaning "the Sun-God" and also "KÜN HANI" meaning "The Sun Palace".  So again we find that this ancient city was built to honor the Sun God that the ancient Masarian peoples believed in and regarded as their most important sky deity after the One all-creator Sky-Father-God. This is a known fact.  What has been suppressed is that these ancient people of MISIR were Turkish speaking Turanians and that their city names were all made up with the Turkish language before they were confused by way of alteration by the infiltrating wanderers.  This new truth that I am presenting here is contrary to the immense amount of "known information" about the ancient world that has been served to the world public so far. 

Even the name HORUS embodies in it the name "HR-OUS" where the multi-identity letter H of the Greek alphabet is an I in this case, making the name "IR OUS" which is a form of the Turkish name "ER-OGUZ" or "OGUZ-ER" referring to the "Sky-God OGUZ" and also "the OGUZ people."  The Sun and Moon were known as the right and left eyes of the ancient Masarian Sky-God HOROS, that is, "ER OGUZ" meaning "Man Oguz, Hero Oguz, and Lord Oguz".  This apellation considers the ancient Turanian Sky-Father-God in the form of a "MAN" and as Turkish "MEN" meaning "myself". 

Below is an enlarged segment of the front face (the one shown on the right side above) of the Narmer Palette. (It is from url: http://ancient-egypt.org/index.html). It contains very meaningful information on it. 

1.  At the top left corner behind the King himself, there is a "hill + eye" symbol inside a rectangle.  Hill and Eye in Turkish are "TEPE" and "GÖZ" respectively. These two words in the form of TEPEGÖZ metaphorically refers to the Sun and the Moon as "towering eyes" in the sky. Metaphorically "TepeGöz" also refers to a single eye at the top of the head.  The Turkish name "TEPE GÖZ" that appears as a personification of a story character in the OGUZ Epic stories, has also been used in Homer's ODYSSEUS epic.  The name has been usurped into the European languages as "CYCLOPS" and into Greek as "KUKLWPS" or "KUKLWPOS" where W is UU, and hence the name becpmes "KUKLUUPOS", and Greek word KUKLWPEIOS meaning "cyclopean".[Divry's Modern English - Greek and Greek - English dicionary, 1988, p. 568].


Greek "KUK-ULU-POS" is from Turkish "KÖK ULU BAS" meaning "The Great Sky Head" which metaphorically refers to the Sun and the Moon.  

Additionally KUKLUUPOS rearranged as "PK-KUSLU-U" or "PUK KOSLU-U" with the P being a downshift from T, is Turkish expression "TEK GÖZLÜ O" meaning "it is single eyed".  A "cyclops" is a single-eyed concept.  This is better seen in the case of the Greek word KUKLWPEIOS meaning "cyclopean" where the bogus letter W is UU. When this word is rearranged letter-by-letter as "PEK-KOSLU-UI-U", with the letter P shifted from letter T, it is the restructured and disguised form of the Turkish expression "TEK KÖZLÜ ÖY O"  (TEK KÖZLÜ DAM O) meaning "it is one-eyed house" and "it is one-roomed house" which religiously describes not only "the Sky-Dome" with One-Eye (i.e., the Sun) and also one-room which is the Sky-Dome (DAM) itself, but also the ancient Turanian dwellings, i.e., the . Turkish YURT in Central Asia which is a dwelling with "one room having one sky-looking round  circular opening (BACA) at its top. This is exactly what the PANTHEON in Rome is, that  is, it is a living example of the ancient "PAGAN" Turanian people’s YURT and also a temple of their OGUZ religion. 

2. The "BIRD" STANDARD (Kushlu Tug):  In the center of the above picture, there is a procession in front of King NARMER where four people are carrying standards.  The two standards in front are clearly associated with a bird (KUSh) motif.  The bird motif is clearly associated with the Sun-god and the Moon-god because the Sun and the Moon appear metaphorically as a falcon in the sky. The flagpole or standards pole has a phonetic value of "NTR" in ancient Masarian picture writings - meaning "god".  But "NTR" has the Turkish word "TANRI" meaning "god' embedded in it. 

In the above picture two people in the front are carrying such a standard each. It must be noted here that the "bird" symbol was also worn at the top of the "headdress" of the so-called Minoan woman". The Minoans created a magnificent civilization in the Aegean Sea around 1500 B.C.. The same Turanian tradition is also carried out at present by the young women of Kazakistan, Kirgizistan, Türkmenistan, Özbekistan, Azerbaijan, Dagistan and other "istan" states of Central Asia and also the Anatolian women. So this ancient Turanian tradition is still going on. This is clearly and visibly seen every year on the occasion of Turkish "World Children Festival" celebrated for a week on the 23rd of April (23 Nisan) activities as the young girls from Turan states wear their ancient headdresses.

3. "WOLF" STANDARD (Kurt Tug) :  In the Narmer Palette, the third standard from the front carries a "wolf" symbol. Wolf (Tr. KURT or BÖRI) has always been a symbol of Turanians.  Even in the OGUZ KAGAN Epic, "a blue-maned blue wolf", that is, "GÖK YELELI GÖK BÖRI" was always walking in front of the OGUZ KAGAN's armies.  This symbol is the personification of the ancient Turanian universal Sky-Father-God. We see a similar symbol in the Narmer Palette. Thus this ancient Turanian tradition has been immortalized some 5,300 years ago on the Narmer Palette of the ancient Turanian King "NARMER", that is, "NAR BIR" (NUR BIR). 

4. "TAIL" STANDARD (Kuyruk Tug): In the picture above, the fourth person in the procession carries a horse-tail or ox-tail standard which is also a traditional standard for the Turanians.  Both the horse and the ox were extremely important animals for the ancient Turanians. Since the OX, that is, Turkish "OKUZ" ("bull"), was the prominent logo of the Turanian Sky God "OGUZ" (TUR), it is expected that the "ox tail" would be used as a standard.  The Ottoman Military Band (Mehter Takimi) carries the "tail" standards (TUG) to this day (see the picture below).  So this ancient Turanian tradition has also been used and saved in the King Narmer Palette. 


(The "Horse Tail Standard" carriers of the  Ottoman Military Band)


5.  Behind the four standard bearers is a fifth person with picture writing in front of his head.  My reading of this picture-writing is: "TATA" or "ATAATA" (DEDE) meaning "grandfather" in Turkish.  This represents the "ancestors" (Tr. CED/CET) of the ancient Turanians whom they also worshipped. Thus in this procession of King Narmer (Nar Bir / Nur Bir), the wisdom and spirit of his ancestors are also shown as the "guiding leaders" of his entourage. 

6.  Right in front of King Narmer is written his kingly title "Nar Bir" and/or "Nur Bir" meaning "One Glowing Fire" and/or "One Glowing Light". 

7.   The two pictures below show an Ottoman military procession and are from the book entitled "The Venetians" by Paul Strathern".

"Soldiers of the Sultan's bodyguard chosen from the elite 12,000-man corps of Janizaries, parade with spectacular headdresses."

Note the feathers, flags and birds on the standards - similar to what is seen on the Narmer Palette.


"A squad of heavily armed Janizaries wearing elaborate headdresses of horsetails - the Ottoman emblem of rank and power".

Note the cultural affinity between the Narmer procession and the Ottoman procession.

Thus, as I see it, this is at least part of the story told by the "Narmer Palette" of the ancient Masarian King "NAR BIR" / "NUR BIR" so-called "NARMER" or "NARMAR".

After the above detailed analysis of the one face of King Narmer's Pallete, it is clearly understood that King Narmer of ancient Masar (falsely called Egypt) was a Turkish speaking Turanian ruler who had a Turkish title (Nar-Bir and Nur-Bir) which deified himself as the Sun and its Light.  He ruled during the early founding years of a Turanian Tur/Turk state that lived longer than any other state (or empire) in the history of the world. The Turkish words describing his kingly title are at least as old as 5,500 years.  The artistry and craftsmanship of the King Narmer Pallete are exquisite and indicate the excellence of the artistry of the Turanian civilization developed along the Nile River some 5300 years ago. It was an ancient Turanian tradition to carry standards with God symbols in front of their rulers and this is what is depicted on the Narmer Pallete. This is my rendition of the pictorially-written story shown on the Narmer Pallete.

Best wishes to all,

Polat Kaya

August 15, 2006

Updated on August 17, 2006.

Updated on August 2, 2015