(Copy Right © 2014 Polat Kaya)


Phoenician city GADIR as “ALEV GADIR” or “OGUZ GADIR”:


Gadir   Phoenician: גדר), the original name given to the outpost established here by the Phoenicians, means "wall, compound", or, more generally, "walled stronghold". The  Punic  dialect lent this word, along with many others, to the Berber languages, where it was nativised as agadir meaning "wall" in  Tamazight  and "fortified granary" in  Shilha; it appears as a common place name in North Africa.[4] The name of the Israeli town of Gedera has a similar etymology.

Later, the city became known by a similar Attic Greek form of the Phoenician name, τὰ Γάδειρα (Gádeira). In Ionic Greek, the name is spelled slightly differently, Γήδειρα (Gḗdeira). This spelling appears in the histories written by Herodotus. Rarely, the name is spelled ἡ Γαδείρα (Gadeíra), as, for example, in the writings of Eratosthenes (as attested by Stephanus of Byzantium).

In Latin, the city was known as gades; in Arabic, it is called قادس (Qādis). The Spanish autonym for a resident of Cadiz is gaditano”.


Polat Kaya:  There is also the following information regarding the Phoenician city of GADIR written on coins of some Phoenician Kings in Spain:

 “THE ANCIENT DISTRIBUTION OF BLUEFIN TUNA FISHERY:  HOW COINS CAN IMPROVE OUR KNOWLEDGE” by A. Di Natale, [From “SCRS/2013/141 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 70(6): 2828-2844 (2014),]


The name GADIR or AGADIR is also found written in Phoenician as ‘GDR. [See the Phoenician coins below where on the face shown at right, it is written as “aleph GDR”].  It should be remembered that the first letter of the Phoenician alphabet is named as “ALEPH” and “OX” both of which are Turkish words.  With this knowledge, the Phoenician writing “Aleph GDR is read as “ALEV AGADIR” (ALEV AĞATUR) in Turkish, which means “he is the Fire Lord”, “he is the Sun Lord”.  This is in reference to the name of the SUN – that is, “GÜN” in Turkish which was one of their sky deities and also was the name that identified the Phoenicians (the Canaanites) as Turkish people named GÜNHAN LORDS!  This is exactly what is written on the face of the Poenician coins below.

The Turkish word ALEV (ALEF) means “flame; fire” which, in terms of deities, refers to the flames of the sun that lights up the earth and AGA (BEY, BEG) means “lord, master, the ruler”.


Additionally, because the Phoenician letter A also has the name OX, that is, Turkish OKUS, this makes the name on the coin “Aleph GDR” to be read as “OKUS AGADIR”.  This is the Turkish saying “OKUZ AGADIR” (OĞUZ AĞADIR) - which means “it is the lord OGUZ” referring to the Sky-God, Sun-God and Moon-God and also to the “Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples.” Thus, the Phoenician names “ALEV AGADIR” and “OKUZ AGADIR” represent the names of the ancient Turanian sky deities and also “the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples.”  Also, the Phoenician coin shows the Phoenician city name AGADIR on it.  All of this also means that the Phoenicians were Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples - contrary to all the disinformation that has been spread about them for thousands of years.


In Part 2 above, I talked about the city of Cadiz being a holy city.  We also know that the Phoenicians had built a Temple of MELQART (MİLQARTU) and Astarte (Isidir in Turkish meaning “it is light”) on the larger island of KOTINOUSSA.   All of these definitions I gave about the writing on the coin related to the City of Cadiz also make this ancient Phoenician city GADIR a “Holy City” (Holy Place).  Similarly, the names CADİZ, GADES, QADIS and the Turkish name KUT’ÜS (KUDÜS) also mean “Holy place”.




Figure 6  this figure by A. Di Natale is a Phoenician coin. 

Hemidrachm, Phoenician Punic coin in silver from Gadir, 237 b.C. (2.36 g);

obverse: Head of Melkart-Herakles left, wearing lion's skin headdress; club on left shoulder;

reverse: tuna-fish left Phoenician script MP'L (MPOL) above and 'GDR below.



Figure 7 From A. Di Natale: “Drachm, Phoenician Punic coin in silver from Gadir, III b.C. (3.3 g);

obverse: Head of Melkart-Herakles left, wearing lion's skin headdress; club on left shoulder;

reverse: tuna-fish left Phoenician script MP'L (PK:  MP’M or MF’M) above and 'GDR below.” 


Polat Kaya:  In Figure 6 above, the picture of a TUNA fish shown on the coin, in one hand, indicates that the Phoenicians (GÜNHANS) were tuna fish catching sea people, but on the other hand, it is a picture writing symbol.  In other words, the Phoenician writing: “MP'L + TUNA + Alef GDR”.  The name TUNA is also Turkish word used as the name of the “tuna fish”. And it has the expression “TAN U” embedded in it.  But the Turkish word TAN means DAWN.  Thus, the “TUNA + Aleph GDR” part of the Phoenician writing shown on the reverse of the coin makes the Turkish expression “TAN ALEVU AGADIR” which means “the Fire of the Dawn is Lord”.  Thus, this Phoenician writing describes the rising (dawning) sun by saying: “Sun is Lord, Sun is God”.  Indeed, this describes the “SUN”, that is, the “GÜNEŞ” and/or the “GÜNHAN” in Turkish.  Our Sun is a creator god, hence, these Phoenician kings describing themselves as “the glowing Sun at dawn” was in the tradition of ancient Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples. In harmony with their Sun-God identity, the Phoenicians took the ethnic identity of “GÜNHAN LORDS”, that is, “the Sun Lords.”


The picture of the Phoenician king shown on the coin-face on the left is a MELQART  (MILQARTU) image which is like the image of HERAKLEUS (Hercules).

The Phoenician word MP'L must be related to another identity of the Phoenician kings.  We know that the Phoenicians were also believing in the Moon God, that is, “AY TANRI” in Turkish. The moon has another name MA (MAH) as Oguz Kagan has said in the Oguz Kagan Epic story. Additionally, the Phoenician first letter of the alphabet A, named ALEPH, is also named OX - meaning “bull, male cattle”.  But OX is the Aryanized form of the Turkish word “OKUZ” meaning the male cattle, that is, “bull”.   Additionally, the word OKUZ can represent the Turkish saying “O KÖZ” (meaning “it is glowing fire” which refers to the Sun) and also Turkish saying “O GÖZ” (meaning “it is Eye” or “that Eye”) indicating that both the Sun and the Moon were regarded as the “eyes of the Sky God”.  Curiously, the English term “EYE” is voiced exactly the same as the Turkish word AY meaning “moon”. This is not a coincidence!


The Melqart (Milqartu) image on the coin is also very enlightening.  The Melqart (Milqartu) figure was the name of a Phoenician God. The Phoenician kings were regarded as GOD which was in the ancient Turanian tradition. 


The Phoenician Melqart (Milqartu) is likened to Greek mythological character of HERAKLEUS (i.e., Hercules).  Actually, both HERAKLEUS and MELQART are the personifications of the same concept described in Turkish. The name HERAKLEUS (i.e., Hercules) was made up from the Turkish saying “ER AKLI US” meaning “man’s mind, knowledge and wisdom”.  Similarly, when the word MELQART (MILQARTU) is deciphered as “AQELMTR”  (AKILMTUR), we find that it is also the altered form of the Turkish saying “AKILIMDIR” meaning “it is my mind, intelligence, knowledge and wisdom”.   Thus, in ancient Turanian culture, man’s head (TEPE, BAŞ), knowledge and wisdom were regarded as a creator GOD. Most likely, the very same ancient Turanian concept is still in use today but rather in a hidden secretive way.


In the coin representation, the Phoenician and Punic king is shown as wearing a headdress that has been identified as a lions head. In Aryan culture, they regard Hercules as wearing a Lion’s headdress and skin around his shoulder. But in this Phoenician coin representation, the headdress that Melqart (Milqartu) is wearing is actually a “wolf head” rather than a “lion head”.  But the “Wolf Head” is also the ancient symbol of DRACO that the ancient Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples used as a symbol of their Turanian Turkish identity throughout Asia and Europe.  (See my writing on DRACO and DRAGON).  We must also note that the young Phoenician king is wearing a “moustache” which is also a symbol that the Turanians have used since very ancient times.  Wearing a beard by ancient Turanians is rather comparatively rare generally with older Turks wearing white beards , that is, “ak sakal” in Turkish.  Regarding the concept of “DRACO”, I have the following writings to be read:


By Polat Kaya







By Polat Kaya  July 6, 2014


Polat Kaya: Here I will analyze the name DRACO (DRAKO) to understand its contents better. One Turkish name for the DRACO is the name “EJDER” or “EJDERHA” which described as a winged lizard or snake like mythologic being that throws flames from its mouth. Embedded in the name DRAKO are expressions in Turkish that identify the DRACO with Turks of Turan. This we can see as follows:

a) The term DRACO, deciphered as “ACDOR”, is found to be the altered and Aryanized form of the Turkish saying “EJDER” meaning “it is dragon”. This decipherment into Turkish identifies the DRACO with the Turkish EJDER concept indicating that its origin was from the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples!

b) The symbol of DRACO (DRAKO) is also associated with the concept of “WOLF”. When the term DRACO (DRAKO) is deciphered as “CORD-A” (KORD-A), it is found to be the altered, Aryanized and disguised form of the Turkish saying “KURD O” (KURT O) meaning “it is wolf”. Turkish word KURT (KURD) means “wolf”. This decipherment also identifies the the term DRACO (DRAKO) with the Turkish word KURT and again it is indicating that its origin was from the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples!

c) The term DRAKO, deciphered as “DORK-A”, it is found to be the altered form of the Turkish saying “TÜRK O” meaning “it is Turk”. Again we find that the term DRACO (DRAKO) identifies itself directly with the name TÜRK indicating that its origin was from the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples!

Here we may ask the question why would the Dacian cavalry would carry a military standart named DRACO such that it has the Turkish words EJDER, KURT and TURK unless they were Turks themselves? Thus, it can be said with confidence that this Turanian military symbol was also a banner of the name TURK! With these meanings embedded in the name DRAKO, the DACIAN (i.e., DAGHAN in Turkish) soldiers were also carrying the name TURK with them wherever they went! Evidently the Aryan Romans and Greeks took this ancient Turanian emblem from the Turanians, but as usual they ignored to mention the name of Turk or Turan!

The name DRACO (DRAKO) also has the other forms of DRAGON and DRACONARIUS.

In describing the king figures in Figure 6 and 7 above, writer A. Di Natale describes the headdress of the king as “Melkart-Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress,” but in my view, it is a “wolf’s skin headdress” rather than that of lion.  The wolf skin headdress on these Phoenician kings – identify them as TUR/TURK/OGUZ people.  This further verifies the original Phoenician name being Turkish name Gunhan.  In other words, all of this proves that the so-called Phoenicians (by the Greeks) and also the Canaanites (by the Semites) were not Semitic people as claimed to be – but rather were none other than Turkish speaking Turkish people.


Polat Kaya