In this essay, I decipher and reveal the identity of the ancient TARTESSIANS of the ancient Iberian Peninsula in present day Spaın. The term Tartessos, and the related names of these ancient Iberians, are embedded with many revealing and enlightening expressions in Turkish indicating that these ancient native peoples of Iberia were Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples, contrary to many undecided and questionable information. 


Presently, in the Iberian peninsula, there are many names which are reminders of the ancient world wide spread Turanian civilization.  This explains why we find many toponyms and other names that contain terms such as TUR, TURK, OĞUZ in names such as TARTESSOS, TURIA, TURDULI, TARTÉSİCO, TURDETANO, TURDETANIANS, TURGALİUM, ASTURES, and many more.  But the identification of such names has not been done in proper and relevant Turanian concepts.  In my many studies and research, I have discovered that the so-called Indo-European languages and the Semitic languages have been manufactured from Turkish words and definitions. Contrary to denials, the Turanian Turkish language was the first and the only language that was widely spoken throughout the ancient world.  Thus the ancieant world was speaking one language - which was Turkish.  In this context, I will decipher many of these names as we proceed.


To start, I would like to look at the ancient Tartessians of the Iberian Peninsula and the river name TARTESSOS.  We have the following information from a Wikipedia link:


“TARTESSOS or TARTESSUS, was a semi-mythical harbor city and the surrounding culture on the south coast of the Iberian Peninsula, at the mouth of the GUADALQUİVİR RİVER. It appears in sources from Greece and the Near East starting during the first millennium BC. Tartessos (Greek: Ταρτησσός) or Tartessus, was a semi-mythical[1] harbor city and the surrounding culture on the south coast of the Iberian Peninsula (in modern Andalusia, Spain), at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River.”





Tartessos cultural area.



Supposedly, the name TARTESSOS or TARTESSUS is a Greek term used as the name of the very important river of the Iberian Peninsula that the ancient TARTESSIANS utilized very heavily for their transportation needs. This Greek term is an encrypted form of ancient Turkish sayings that describe the name of the river in two different ways. This we see as follows:  First, let us identify the meanings in Turkish language that are embedded in this Greek name.



a)  When the name TARTESSUS is deciphered (i.e., rearranged) letter-by-letter as “TASSER-SUT”,  this decipherment is the Turkish saying “TAŞIR SUDU” meaning “it is navigatable water”.  After all, it was a river that was used to carry ship-loads of material and people coming from inland Andalucia and other parts of the Iberian Peninsula - going to the harbour city, and also in the reverse direction.  The Tartessians exported silver to the Middle East Levantine countries and many other cities along the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea.  Particularly, TARTESSUS was a busy transportation waterway for the rich silver-mining establishment of King ARGANTHONIOS.  Turkish word SU means “water”, SUDU means “it is water” and TAŞIR means “it carries”. Thus, the Greek name “TARTESSUS” had embedded the encrypted and hidden Turkish saying describing this river as “the water that carries” or the waterway that is navigatable”.


The following reference is noteworthy in this regard:


“The Tartessians were rich in metal. In the 4th century BC the historian Ephorus describes "a very prosperous market called Tartessos, with much tin carried by river, as well as gold and copper from Celtic lands".[3] Trade in tin was very lucrative in the Bronze Age, since it is an essential component of true bronze and is comparatively rare. Herodotus refers to a king of Tartessos, Arganthonios, presumably named for his wealth in silver.”


b)  The second meaning embedded in the deciphered term “TASSER-SUT” is the Turkish saying “TAŞAR SUDU” meaning “it is flooding water”.   Thus, the so-called  TARTESSUS  river was an over-flowing river that flooded the envirenment and particularly the harbour city - probably every spring.  It is likely that, this is the reason that the ruins of this ancient Turanian city have not been found yet.  Particularly, if the city was abandoned some time after King
ARGANTHONIOS and his people, the ruins of the city could have been washed into the Atlantic Ocean.  Another possibility is that, the Tartessians, being Asiatic Turanians, it is very likely that their dwellings were made from Turanian YURTS and TENTS or similar structures that could be re-locatable before the flooding of the river!


We also have the following information regarding this river:


“THE TURDETANİ were an ancient pre-Roman people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania), living in the valley of the GUADALQUİVİR (the river that the Turdetani called by two names: KERTİS and RÉRKĒS; Romans would call the river by the name BAETİS),[1] in what was to become the Roman Province of HİSPANİA BAETİCA (modern Andalusia, Spain). Strabo[2] considers them to have been the successors to the people of Tartessos and to have spoken a language closely related to the Tartessian language.”


First, the Romans calling the Tartessian country by the name HİSPANİA BAETİCA is informative in the sense that when the BAETİCA is deciphered as “ATABEIC”, I fınd that it is the Turkish saying “ATABEYCİ” meaning that the country is being ruled by an “ATABEY” meaning “LORD-FATHER”.  This Turkish term has been historically used in the ancient Turanian Middle East such as the well known  “MUSUL ATABEYS!”.  Later in history, the Iberian Peninsula has also been well known by the Musul Atabeys with the MOORS of Spain, although the MOORS have been wrongly identified as “Arabs”.  The MOORS were not “Arabs” as claimed!

In view of this, the Tartessus river being called BAETİS by the Romans is also meaningful. When the Roman name BAETİS is deciphered as “BEI-STA”, we see that it is the altered form of the Turkish saying “BEY SuDU” meaning “it is Lord water” - which is an appropriate name.  Turkish word “BEY” means “Lord”.  Turkish “SUDU” means “it is water”.


Additionally, it is said that the river was called KERTİS and RÉRKĒS by the Turdetani.   The first name, so-called KERTİS, rearranged in the form of “TERK-SI” is very much the altered form of the Turkish saying “TÜRK SU” meaning “Turk water”.  Even the name  RÉRKĒS, when deciphered as “ÉRĒ -KR-S”, is the altered form of the Turkish saying “İRİ aKaR Su” meaning “Great Runnig Water”, that is, “Great River”.  Alternatively “ÉRĒ -KR-S” could also be the Turkish “İRİ KaR Su” meaning “Great Snow Water.”


All of these revelations identify the TARTESSUS  river and the TARTESSİANS with the ancient Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples!



The TARTESSOS or TARTESSUS River is also known by the name GUADALQUİVİR RİVER. The name GUADALQUİVİR is also an enlightening term that I will explain below. 


According to historical reporting, “TARTESSOS or TARTESSUS, was a semi-mythical harbor city and the surrounding culture on the south coast of the Iberian Peninsula, at the mouth of the GUADALQUİVİR RİVER. It appears in sources from Greece and the Near East starting during the first millennium BC. Tartessos (Greek: Ταρτησσός) or Tartessus, was a semi-mythical[1] harbor city and the surrounding culture on the south coast of the Iberian Peninsula (in modern Andalusia, Spain), at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River.”



Polat Kaya:  The so-called “TARTESSOS or TARTESSUS was an ancient Turanian settlement in modern Andalusia, of the present day Spain, of the Iberian Peninsula.  Although, the ruins of this ancient city have not been located yet, but calling it “semi-mythical harbor city” is rather deniying its existance some 3000 plus years ago.  A navigatable river, that is, the so called TARTESSUS river, could not be without an harbour city. The geografical area is presently called ANDALUSİA .  All indications are that City was at the mouth of the “TARTESSOS River” opening into the ATLANTİC OCEAN.






The part of the Iberian Peninsula where the Tartessians lived and the Guadalquivir River is located, is presently called ANTALUCİA.  This name also carries enlightening information from the ancient times, regarding where the Tartessians (Tartesico) came from.  When we decipher (rearrange) the name ANTALUCİA letter-by-letter as “ANATALUCI”, we see that it is the Turkish word  “ANADOLUCI” which means “from Anatolia”.  So again we see that, these ancient native Iberians were from the Turanian land of Anatolia (ANADOLU), that is, the land of ancient Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples, contrary to historical disinformation!


“The modern name of GUADALQUİVİR comes from the Arabic Al-Wādi Al-Kabīr (الوادي الكبير), meaning "great valley".[1][2] Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghrebi Arabic as Oued.


There were a variety of names for the Guadalquivir in Classical and pre-Classical times. According to Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 28, the native people of TARTESSİANS or TURDETANİANS called the river by two names: Kertis/Certis and Rerkēs (Ρέρκης).[3] Greek geographers sometimes called it the river of Tartessos, after the city of that name. The Romans called it by the name Baetis (that was the basis for name of the province of Hispania Baetica).”



Polat Kaya:  I do not believe the above reference saying that “the name of GUADALQUİVİR comes from the Arabic “Al-Wādi Al-Kabīr” meaning "great valley”. Although the place is a “great valley” as can be seen, the Arabic name is not the source of the name GUADALQUİVİR.  There is no etymological relation between the two sayings. Hence, it is a wrong assumption.  

It is a name that is based on much earlier Turanian times, that is, when SUN-GOD believing was a world wide Turanian religious concept and many city names were Sun based, but in Turkish!



Now, with this conceptual understanding and also after the many revelations in Turkish above, I will re-evaluate the name GUADALQUİVİR.  When the name GUADALQUİVİR is deciphered letter-by-letter in the following forms, we get very revealing information as follows:


a)   “GUQ-ALAVİDİR-U” is the Türkish saying “GÖK AL EVİ’DİR O” meaning “it is the Red-House of Sky.”  This would be the name the “Head City” (Capital City) where the King Arganthonios and other TARTESSİAN (TURDETANİAN) kings would have lived. The Turkish name “GÖK AL EVİ” means “Sky Red House” and it refers to the Red Sun in the sky.

Turkish words GÖK means “sky”, AL means “red” and EVİ means “the house”.

Additionally, the Turkish name “GÖK ALEVİ” means “Sky flame” which is again the sun and the sunlight - without which no life on earth would be possible!  The English term “SUN” is the altered form of the Turkish word “GÜN”!  GÜN means “sun, day, daylight”. 

This reveals the name of the ancient Turanian Sun-God deity that the Antalucian (Anatolian) natives believed as one of their celestial deities!  This finding reveals the native GUADALQUİVİR people as ancient Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples! 



b)   “AGIL-DURQ-AVİ-U” is the Türkish saying “AKIL TÜRK EVİ O” meaning “it is the home of the wise Türk .”  This decipherment shows the Turk identity of the ancient native inhabitants of the GUADALQUİVİR geography of the ancient Iberian Peninsula!

Turkish word AKIL means “wisdom, knowledge”, EV means “home, house; land, country” and EVİ means “the home, the house, the land, the country” and O means “he/she/it; that”.


The following reference is noteworthy in this regard:


“The Turdetani were in constant contact with their Greek and Carthaginian neighbors. Herodotus describes them as enjoying a CİVİLİZED RULE UNDER A KİNG, ARGANTHONİOS, who welcomed PHOCAEAN colonists in the fifth century BC. The Turdetani are said to have possessed a written legal code and to have employed Celtiberian mercenaries to carry on their wars against Rome.[3] Strabo notes that the Turdetani were the most civilized peoples in Iberia, with the implication that their ordered, urbanized culture was most in accord with Greco-Roman models.”



c)   “GUI-DURQ-AL-AVİ” is the Türkish saying “GÖK TÜRK AL EVİ” meaning “the Sun-Home of Gök Türks.”  Additionally, it means  the Red House of Gök Türks”.   This decipherment again shows the Turk identity of the ancient native inhabitants of the GUADALQUİVİR geography of the ancient Iberian Peninsula!  It must also be noted that the world famed “ELHAMBRA PALACE” also had the meaning of  “Red House” or “BIR AL EVEM”.



d)   “GUILAQ-UVADIR”, which is the Türkish saying “GÖYLÜK OVADIR” (YEŞİLLİK OVADIR, OTLUK OVADIR) meaning “it is green valley, that is, it is valley with trees, plants and grass.”  That is probably why this area of Antalucia is shown as “green” in some maps - as in the above map!  Actually, we must note that the above reference also refers to this area where the Tartessus River is, as the “THE VALLEY OF THE GUADALQUİVİR”.   These decipherments also show the presence of the TURKISH LANGUAGE  in this part of the world some 5000 or more years earlier than admitted!  


Turkish word GÖY mean “blue”, GÖYLÜK means “place of blue plants”;

YEŞİL means “green”, YEŞİLLİK means “greenness, place with green plants, place with green grass”;

OT means “grass, plants”, OTLUK means “place with plants”;

OVA means “valley”, OVADIR means “it is valley”; and

O means “he/she/it; that”.



e)   “ALAVI-DURQ-GUI”, which is the Türkish saying “ALEVİ TÜRK KÖYÜ” meaning “village of Türk Alevi” or “Village of Alevi Turks.”  This decipherment also shows that the native peoples of this place were the ancient Alevi Turkoman GÜNHAN TÜRKMENS” who have been wrongly named as the “PHOENİCİANS” and further wrongly identified as “Semitic” people.  By these wrong identifications, they have intentionally obliterated the presence of the very ancient Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples and their language and civilization!


Turkish word ALEVİ means “the ancient Turanian Sun-God believing people”.  

ALEV means “fire and flame of sun, the light of sun”. Where there is fire, flame and light, there is life there!

TÜRK (TURK) means Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples  and all branches of them”.

KÖY mean “village” 


f)   “AG-UKUL-AVİDİR”, which is the Turkish saying “AĞ OKUL EVİDİR” meaning “it is the White School House.”  This decipherment indicates that the ancient native Turanian Tur/Türk/Oğuz peoples of Iberian Peninsula had a school system.  After all the Sumerian” Turks and the so-called “Phoenicians”, that is, the  GÜNHAN TÜRKMENS are known as the inventors of writing and schooling systems!

Turkish word AĞ (AK) means “white”. 

OKUL means “school”. 

EVİ means “house”. 

EVİDİR means “it is the hose”.    


The following reference is noteworthy in this regard:


g)  And finally, in the GUADALQUİVİR name of the so-called “TARTESSUS” river, I find:   “ULU-AQIV-GİDAR”, which is the Turkish saying “ULU AKIP GİDER” meaning “It Flows Great and Goes.”  This decipherment indicates what a great river this “ULU TAŞAR SU” was in the land of the great King so-called “ARGANTHONIOS” of the ancient Turanians!  

Turkish word ULU means “great, strong”, AKIP (AKIF, AGIV) means “it has flowed, it has run”, GİDER means “goes”. 



All of my above deciphered explanations point to the fact that the ancient native peoples of TARTESSİANS of the Iberian Peninsula were ancient Turanian Turkish speaking Tur/Turk/Oğuz peoples!  My decipherments also indicate that the name GUADALQUİVİR is not from Arabic saying “Al-Wādi Al-Kabīr” meaning "great valley” but rather from the Turkish descriptions in my decipherments above – particularly decipherment D which refers to the place as a green valley! 



With my best wishes to all,


Polat Kaya


04 November 2018