A communication with late Alfonso Naharro Riera, dated 10/12/2011


By Polat Kaya


Alfonso Naharro Riera  wrote:


“Señor Polat Kaya: Me podría decir de donde viene el prefijo TUR de mi ciudad TURGALIUM (España occidental que actualmente se llama Trujillo). Gracias.”


Fabrizio Rasna Baldi wrote:


“‎Polat Kaya Mr Alfonso Naharro Riera asked you if you may explain the origin of the old name for the city of Trujillo (Turgalium) in Spain.”



Dear Alfonso Naharro Riera and Fabrizio Rasna Baldi,


Here are my views regarding the ancient Spanish city name TRUJILLO.  First I will give you some of the relevant background information from different sources given on the Internet.


We have the following from Wikipedia link at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trujillo,_C%C3%A1ceres


“Trujillo was settled on a granite batholith during Prehistoric times. In Roman times the town was known as Turgalium and became a prefecture stipendiary of the Lusitanian capital, Emerita Augusta. Later it was colonised by barbarian tribes (mainly Visigoths) although the prevalence of the population would still have been Hispano-Roman.

With the Muslim invasion and conquest in 711, it became one of the main towns in the region (renamed Turjalah in Arabic), governed by the Taifa based in Madrid. This taifa was subject to the Umayyad Emirate and subsequent Caliphate ruled through the middle of the 11th Century. During this time the ethnic tensions between the Berbers and Arabs weakened the Caliphate militarily while the Reconquista gained success to the north of Extremedura in Castile. During this time the Berber Almohads took control of Trujillo and it environs.

During the time of Almohad rule, civil wars between Portugal, Castile, and León  guaranteed that Christian repossession of Trujillo was tenuous. Rulers alternated between these kingdoms and the Almohads returning for the last time to the Muslims in 1187.” 


“Trujillo has a rich heritage. Among the most important monuments are the Castle (Alcazaba), the church of Santiago, the church of Santa María la Mayor, the church of San Francisco, the Church of San Martín, the Plaza Mayor, and beautiful palaces like the palace of the Marquis of the Conquest, the palace of the Orellana-Pizarro family, the palace of the Duques de San Carlos, Marquesado de Piedras Albas, the house of the strong Altamirano, Palace Chaves (Luis Chaves Old), and of course the walled old town.”




Polat Kaya:  Evidently, one of the most important ancient monuments of the city Trujillo was its Castle (Alcazaba).  From its picture given at url http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9f/Castelo_trujillo.JPG,


And also below, it looks very much like an old oriental castle. Its present name seems to be the Arabic name AL-CAZIBE meaning “The Attraction”. But, in spite of this, if this name ALCAZABA is rearranged as “BAZ-CALA-A”, I find that the name ALCAZABA is the altered and restructured form of the Turkish expression “BAŞ-KALA O” meaning “it is the Head Castle”. Thus the name is actually referring to the “castle” of the town - but in Turkish.  


Another meaning embedded in this name is the Turkish saying “BAŞ-KALA” meaning “the Head is a castle” which refers to the “Human head” where the human knowledge (i.e., BİLGİ, AKIL, US in Turkish) gets developed, learned and stored.  After all, all castles are conceived and built by the “human head”.



Another attraction of the city is said to be “the house of the strong Altamirano”.  The name ALTAMIRANO is very much the Turkish name “AL TİMUR HAN O” meaning “He is the Red Lord TIMUR”.  The Turkish name TİMUR means “iron, steel” and is a widely used Turkish name for men. Turkish AL means “red” and HAN mean “lord”.


Similarly, the name “PIEDRAS ALBAS” (see above reference) is very much the Turkish name “PEDER ALBAŞ” meaning “Father Red Head”. The name “PEDER” meaning “father” was also used in Turkey even during the Ottoman times. Turkish word ALBAŞ means “Red Head” which refers to the Sun and also to the human HEAD (i.e., TEPE, BAŞ).


All of these names associated with the city of Turgalium ( Trujillo) point to the presence of the Turanian Turkish people in ancient Spain and associate the Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples with the city of TRUJILLO.


After having noted these relevant names, let us now examine the name TURGALIUM.


a)  The Latin name TURGALIUM, read as “TUR-GALaIUM”, is the Turkish name “TUR GALAYUM” (TUR KALEYİM) meaning “I am Turgala”, that is, “I am Tur Castle”. This refers to the name of the castle in the city of Turgalium.  Thus, the ancient name of the castle was the Turkish name “TURGALA” (TURKALE).


b)  Additionally, the Latin name TURGALIUM read as “TURGALa-UIM”, is the Turkish name “TURGALA ÖYÜM” meaning “I am the home of TURGALA”. This refers to the city of Turgalium being the home of the castle ‘TURGALA’ which probably was its most prominent landmark.


c)  Furthermore, the Latin name TURGALIUM, rearranged as “AL-TURG-UIM”, is the restructured form of the Turkish expression “AL TÜRK ÖYÜM” meaning “I am Home of AL (Red) Turks”, that is, “I am house of Sun worshipping Turks”.


Thus, the city name TURGALIUM carries the following important identity information that: it was built by Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples; the builders were called “AL TUR/TURK”; and the ancient Turanian “castle building knowledge” was used to build it. This is reasonable in view of the facts that the ancient Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples were the builders of ziggurats, pyramids, kurgans, castles (gala/kale), towers (kule), temples and many other structures. In other words, The Turanians who built the castle in TURGALIUM were carrying on with their ancient tradition.


We must also note that even the term CASTLE, rearranged as “TS-CALE”, is the altered form of the Turkish saying “TAŞ KALE” meaning “stone castle”. So thıs Englısh word has also been fabrıcated from Turkısh. At this point, I would also say that the so-called “Castles”, that is, “Gala/Kale” in Turkish, must have been a personification in stone, of  the ancient Turanian godly concept of  “knowledge”, that is, Turkish “BİLGİ, AKIL, US, BİLGEMİŞ, ERAKLI, ALBAŞ”. Human knowledge ıs the creator-lord on earth!  We must also note that the Turkısh word AKIL (AGIL) is also embedded in the Turkish word “GALA/KALE”.


The Turkish word TUR, in addition to being the ancestorial name of the Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples, is also one name of the ancient Turanian Sky-God. The Turkish word GALA (KALE) means “castle”.




Now let us understand the so-called “Arabic” name TURJALAH, a later name given to the city of TRUJILLO at one time.


In the Arabic name TURJALAH, the letter J is a replacement for letter G (K) - as is present in the Latin name TURGALIUM.  Changing the J back to a G, the name TURJALAH becomes TURGALAH.  But this is again a form of the older Turkish name “TURGALA” (TURKALE) meaning “Tur Castle”. Thus, the newer Arabic name, again, kept its older Turkish name of TURGALA - but in a distorted format. 




With all this background information, we can now examine the present name Trujillo. Again the letter J in the name TRUJILLO is a replacement of the older letter G in the name. Thus, when we replace J with G, the name becomes TRUGILLO.  We note that the letter G and J are voiced very much in similar sounds in English!



The name TRUGILLO, rearranged as “TURGL-LI-O, is an altered and restructured form of the Turkish expression “TUR-GaLa-iLİ O” meaning “it is TURGALA country”. Thus, the new city name Trujillo is again related to its ancient Turanian name of TURGALA.


Furthermore, if the name TRUGILLO is rearranged as “TURG-ILL-O”, we find that TRUGILLO is an altered form of the Turkish expression “TÜRK İLİ O” meaning “it is Turk country”.


These again associate the city of TRUJILLO with the name of  Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples.




The ancient Turanian world of Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples had built countless numbers of castles - both in Asia and in Europe.  Without doubt, most of the castles of Europe were built by the ancient Turanians but they were all Romanized, together with their original owners, by the so-called Aryans (by another name, the so-called Brahmin “the Parasurama”).




It is said that “Trujillo was settled on a granite batholith during Prehistoric times. In Roman times the town was known as Turgalium and became a prefecture stipendiary of the Lusitanian capital, Emerita Augusta. Later it was colonised by barbarian tribes (mainly Visigoths) although the prevalence of the population would still have been Hispano-Roman.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trujillo,_C%C3%A1ceres


Although the name LUSITANIA is falsely claimed as “Indo-European”, I say this claim is not the truth. The name LUSITANIA is very revealing.


When the name LUSITANIA is rearranged letter-by-letter as “ANATULISI”, we find that it is an altered form of the Turkish name “ANADOLUCU” meaning “he who is from ANATOLIA” or “people from Anatolia” – which, of course, refers to the name of Asia Minor, that is, the home of Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples since the very ancient times - contrary to the so-called concocted “Indo-European” history.  Finding this Turkish name ANADOLU in the name LUSITANIA cannot be due to coincidence, but rather must be due to the presence of Anatolian Tur/Turk/Oguz people in ancient Iberia (Spain).


Similarly, the name LUSITANIA, rearranged as “AL-ISTAN-UI”, is the altered form of the Turkish expression “ALİSTAN ÖYİ” meaning “house of Red God” or “home of the Sun God”. So, the ancient peninsula of Iberia was a Turanian “ISTAN” country - contrary to all kinds of Aryan disinformation! 


It is said that, the ancient city of EMERITA AUGUSTA was the capital city LUSITANIA, that is, a new Aryanized name for “ANATOLIA”.  This name is also very revealing.


When the name EMERITA AUGUSTA is rearranged letter-by-letter as “UGUS-ATA AIEMTER”, we find that the name EMERITA AUGUSTA is the altered form of the composite Turkish expression “OĞUZ ATA ÖYİMTİR” (OĞUZ ATA EVİMDİR) meaning “it is my home of Father OĞUZ”. Thus, this again relates the Romanized name of this capital city of the State of Lusitania to the Turkish name OGUZ ATA. It also clearly identifies that the ancient Iberian penninsula was a land of Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples before they were artificially and forcefully Aryanized and assimilated!  It is no wander that the Aryans have been avoiding the mention of the names such as Tur, Turk, Oguz and other Turkish lineage peoples. Yet when it comes to some other peoples, they seem to know every detail about them!


It seems that “the Aryan Europeans had the ill-intentioned habit of suppresing the name - TURK and portraying Turks as “Arabs” or some other peoples.  Of course, this was an intentional obliteration of the name Turan, Tur, Turk, Oguz, Saka, Uighur, Kıpçak, Tatar, Kazak, Özbek, Kirghiz, Hun, Günhan, Ayhan, Gökhan, Dağhan, Denizhan, Yıldızhan, Etrusk, and many other ancient Turks in history.




With these revelations about the names related to the city of TRUJILLO, we can confidently identify that the city of TRUJILLO in Spain was an ancient Turanian city.  Furthermore, we can say that the people of Turgalium were also related to the so-called “CELTIC” peoples named GALICIAN and ASTURIAS in northwest Spain. And they were part of the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples who created the so called “CULTURA CASTRENA”. This culture is defined as follows in Wikipedia link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castro_culture:



“Castro culture (Galician: cultura castrexa,  Portuguese: cultura castreja, Spanish: cultura castreña) is the archaeological term for naming the Celtic archaeological culture of the northwestern regions of the Iberian Peninsula (roughly present-day northern Portugal, together with Galicia,  Asturias, and northern and western León in Spain) from the end of the Bronze Age (c. 9th century BC) until it was subsumed in local Roman culture. The most notable characteristics of this culture are, first, its walled oppida and hill forts, known locally as castros, from Latin castrum "castle".


We also have the definition of CASTRO from another link at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castros _in_Spain as:


“A Castro is a fortified settlement, usually pre-Roman, some from late Bronze Ageand Iron Age, the oldest research associated with the Celtic culture. These are frequently found in the Northern Spain, particularly in Asturias, Galicia, Cantabria, Basque Country and the province of Ávila, with the Castro culture and on the plateau with Las Cogotas culture.

The word castro comes from the Latin castrum, which means "hill fort".”


In other words, it was a culture of Castle building on the tops of hills or on mountain tops, that is, “TEPE” in Turkish!


When the term “CULTURA CASTRENA” is rearranged letter-by-letter as “CALACEN-TURASUTR”, we find that it is a restructured form of the Turkish expression “KALACILAR TÖRESİTUR” meaning “it is the culture of castle builders” or “it is castle building tradition”. This definition in Turkish identifies this supposedly “Indo-European” culture as nothing but the culture of the ancient Turanian culture of Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples - contrary all kinds of intentional disinformation fed to the public!


Additionally, when the Roman term “CULTURA CASTRENA” is rearranged as “TURAN-CALACESTER”, we find that this Roman term is an altered and restructured form of the Turkish expression “TURAN KALACISITUR” meaning “it is the castle builders from Turan”.  This again identifies all of these so called GALICIAN and CELTIC culture with the ancient Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples and their culture.


It is also eye opening that the name GALICIAN is actually the slightly altered form of the Turkish word “GALACIAN” (KALECILER) meaning “the castle builders”. The ancient Turkish suffix AN/EN was a plurality suffix, as in the Turkish word TÜRKAN meaning “Turks” and EREN meaning “soldiers”.



Similarly, when the Roman name CELTICA, (i.e., CELTIC or KELTIK), is rearranged as “CALECIT”, we find that this name is also an altered and Aryanized form of the Turkish word “KALECİDİ” meaning “he is castle builder”.


Of course, the name ASTURIA of Spain is nothing but the Turkish name “AS TUR ÖYİ” meaning “home of one/peerless Tur” (i.e., house of peerless Tur/Turk/Oguz people).


It it is said that the so-called “CELTIC” culture is related to the Iron Age Hallstatt culture  (c. 800-450 BC) named for the rich grave finds in Hallstatt, Austria.[3]  In one of my earlier writings, I noted that the name AUSTRIA was an arrangement of the Turkish name OGUZ-TUR EVI meaning “the house of Oguz-Tur people”.  It seems that this vision of mine is far more widespread in “Europe” than what I had identified then.  Although, I later wrote the paper entitled “Europe was a House of OGUZ”.



“The Celts (  /ˈkɛlts/ or/ˈsɛlts/, see pronunciation of Celtic) were a diverse group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Roman-eraEurope who spoke Celtic languages.[1]

The earliest archaeological culture that may justifiably be considered as Proto-Celtic is the Late Bronze Age Urnfield culture of central Europe from the last quarter of the second millennium BC.[2]  Their fully Celtic[2] descendants in central Europe were the people of the Iron Age Hallstatt culture  (c. 800-450 BC) named for the rich grave finds in Hallstatt, Austria.[3]  By the later La Tène period (c. 450 BC up to the Roman conquest), this Celtic culture had expanded over a wide range of regions, whether by diffusion or migration: to the British Isles (Insular Celts), France and The Low Countries (Gauls), much of Central Europe, the Iberian Peninsula (Celtiberians, Celtici and Gallaeci) and northern Italy (Golaseccans and Cisalpine Gauls)[4] and following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC as far east as central Anatolia (Galatians).[5]



In Turanian world, there are many Turkish names related to “castles”, we can mension just a few names like: AŞKALE, BAŞKALE, TAŞKALE, TAŞLIGALA, AKKALE, KARAKALE, ANKARA KALESİ, KARS KALESİ, ŞEYTAN KALESİ, MAHACHKALE, KASHGAR GALA, etc.




With all of this new information, we now have a bright new light on the so-called “Indo-European” history which totally sits on the top of the ancient civilization of the Turanian Tur/Turk/Oguz peoples in Europe - before the “Aryans” came to "Europe".  The term “Indo-European” is a misleading term designed to replace the name “Aryan” – which is from the Turkish word Arayan – meaning “the wonderer”.


With my best wishes to all in this holiday and New Year time,



Polat Kaya




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