Part-1: About the name "BYZANTINE"

About the name "BYZANTINE" and the Byzantine King Names

Dear friends,

In this series of writings I want to share with you the results of a
study analyzing the name "Byzantine" and the Byzantine king names with
a different perspective. The Roman and Byzantine kings initially were
so-called "Pagan" religion believers. By another name, they were all
the followers of the ancient Turanian Sky-God OGUZ religion. Therefore
their king titles were very much in the tradition of this ancient
religion where kings would take titles that would describe the Sky-God
and the king himself - in Turkish. Even after the introduction of
Christianity, while Byzantine kings accepted it and became champions
in spreading it, they still took king titles that were composed in
Turkish but were restructured and disguised into a broken-up language
called "Greek". So in this series of papers, I will analyze the
Byzantine king names in this light.

This writing, in one sense, is a response to our friend Mr. James M.
Rogers. In one of his critiques of my writings, he had questioned my
saying all Greek king names were made up from Turkish expressions.
With his skillfully composed message, he tried to cast a shadow on the
validity of my statement. Although he has left this forum, I hope he
will have the opportunity to read this presentation and, as the
doubter of my work, see the truth about Greek Byzantine king names.

The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the East Roman empire in
medieval times. In a way there was no break in the continuity of the
Roman Empire, for the Roman imperial tradition and Hellenistic culture
continued to be the basic elements of Byzantine policy. The
declaration of the newly formed religion of Christianity as the state
religion of the Byzantine State by King Constantine I the Great, and
his renaming an ancient town of Thracian Tur/Turk peoples as
"CONSTANTINOPLE" marked a new epoch. This empire of the "RHOMAIOI"
[1], a name that is sourced from Turkish expression "RUM AY ÖY"
referring to the "house of moon worshipping Rums, (i.e., roaming
Greeks) became an empire of the initially wandering Greeks. The
English term "ROAM" comes from their name, that is, RUM in Turkish.
The name "Graikos" (Greek) and Latin "Graecus") [2] marks the
Greekness of the Byzantine Empire.

The name "Graikos" and the Latin name "Graecus") [3] are not as
"Greek" and/or "Latin" as they appear. In actuality, they are
restructured distortions of Turkish "GARA-AY-KOZ" meaning "Black Moon
Eye". Furthermore, the name is also a distortion of the Turkish
expression "KARA-AYCU" meaning religiously "The followers of the
"Black Moon". The name "GRAECUS" is also from Turkish "GARACU"
(gezginci) meaning "wanderer" or "gypsy". With this introductory note,
let us now start by reexamining the name Byzantium which has gone
unnoticed for so long.


The name BYZANTIUM does not come from the name of the Greek colonizer
named "BYZAS of Megara" as claimed. This is a mythological
concoction, like all the other mythological tales, used to cover up a
totally different concept. The name BYZAS, in one meaning, is a
distortion of the Turkish expression "BEY-AZ" meaning "Peerless Lord"
referring to the ancient Turanian Sky-God. In a second meaning, it is
a distortion of Turkish word "aS BEYAZ" meaning "peerless white" which
is one description of the Sun which is the source of all colors mixed
in one "white" light.

The name "Megara" is also a misleading term. Although there is such
place name in Greece, but the name MEGARA is actually a distorted form
of Turkish "MAGARA" meaning "cave" or "dark place". Turkish "MAGARA"
can also be read as "MA GARA" which would mean "magnificent Black"
probably referring to the "black space" above earth. In this context,
the "Sky-Dome" (Turkish "Gök DAMI") is the MAGARA (cave), and also "MA
GARA" meaning "magnificent black". Please note that English "DOME" is
really a distortion of Turkish word "DAM" meaning "roof" and also
"house". In other words, English "DOME" is really sourced from
Turkish "DAM". A "DOME" is a "roof" and so is Turkish DAM. In this
context, the expression "Byzas of Megara" actually refers to the "One
peerless Sun of the magnificent black sky-dome" and not to a
mythological Greek "merchant" from "Megara" as concocted.

The name BYZANTIUM was the name of an ancient town where the present
Turkish city of ISTANBUL is. [4], [5] With my previous analysis of
many Greek words, I have shown over and over again that the ancient
Greeks restructured and disguised Turkish words and expressions to
make words for themselves in order to have a language of their own.
Knowing this, let us decipher the name BYZANTIUM (and others) to find
the original Turkish texts used as the source for their construction.

When the name BYZANTIUM is rearranged as "BYZTAN-UIM", we find that it
is a distortion of Turkish expression "BEY ISTAN ÖYÜM" meaning "I am
the house of Lord God", or alternatively "BEYISTANUM" again meaning "I
am the home of the Lord". The Turkish term "BEY" means "Lord", term
"ISTAN" in one context means "GOD" from Turkish "ISHITAN" meaning
"that which lights up" and "ISITAN" meaning "that which heats up" both
referring to the Sun; and additionally "ISTAN" refers to a "homeland,
country, region" [6] where one is sheltered, warmed, enlightened and
heard. These Turkish expressions distorted as "BYZANTIUM" are names
just like the other Turkish country names ending with the suffix
"ISTAN/STAN". Thus the name "BYZANTIUM" is simply another old Turkish
expression taken and disguised from the ancient Tur/Turk language and
civilization and then claimed as "Greek".

This is very much like the case of the city of "ROME" which was
founded by the Tur/Turk Etruscans and developed and administered by
them for at least a hundred years before it was lost to the Latins and
Greeks who claimed it as their own. The philosophy here is that TUR
(i.e., Turk or Oguz) builds it or creates it and then EL (i.e.,
non-Turk or non-Oguz, others, aliens) comes in, captures it, destroys
and rebuilds it, and then claims everything as their own - without
mentioning the original owner and creators. Here, the Turkish word
"EL", in one sense, means "alien" and in another sense (i.e., YEL),
means "wind" referring to the "Wind God" believers.

Before 62 B. C., the town of Byzantium, that is, "BEYISTAN ÖYÜM" or
"BEYISTANUM" was regarded as part of BITHYNIA. [7]

The myth about the name "BYZANTIUM" says that [8] : "Before he set
sail, Byzas asked the Delphic Oracle where to establish his new
colonial city. In his usual ambiguous manner, the Oracle told him:
"Opposite the blind". Only when he reached the Bosporus did Byzas
realize what the Oracle meant: on the Asiatic shore, opposite the
hill-tipped, triangualar peninsula that terminated the European land
mass, earlier Greek colonists had already founded a city, Chalcedon
It was they who must have been blind not to have noticed the obvious
superiority of the site lying half a mile or so away on the opposite
shore. It was here that Byzas founded his own city, which took its
name from him. Byzantium it was to be called until Constantine the
Great made it his capital. He called it New Rome, but later it become
known as Constantinople, City of Constantine. Byzas' name was to live
on in history as the modern appellation of the imperial civilization
which Constantine established."

This is a mythological explanation by the ancient Greeks designed to
cover up the truth and confuse the reality - as all Greek mythological
stories do.

According to this explanation, the ancient name of the city on the
Asiatic side of Istanbul is CHALCEDON which, we are told, was set up
by Greeks. But it is known that before the Greeks arrived into the
area, the place was inhabited by the native Thracians (Türk öyler) who
were Tur/Turk peoples. The much later arriving Greeks took over
everything belonging to the native people when the opportunity arose.
It seems that the Greeks had the habit of initially setting up an
innocent looking commercial trading posts which would eventually grow
into a striking power from inside. This con game has been going on for
a long long time. At an opportune time of their choosing, the Greeks
would take over all that belonged to the natives, changing the native
names to so-called "Greek" names and claiming everything as their own
- in effect obliterating the previous people and their civilization
from history. Thus the previous civilization that was built by the
earlier Turkic natives now becomes "Greek".

When the Greeks arrived into what is presently called "Greece", there
were non-Greek Turanian inhabitants whom the Greeks called
"Pelasgians" (Turkic "SAKA" people) and Ionians (Turkic Ay-Hans) and
Thracians. The wandering Greeks, when the opportunity presented
itself, overran them and took over everything that was Tur/Turk,
Pelasgian and Ionian.

Hendrik Willem van Loon, referring to writings by Thucydides, writes
the following about the early Greeks: [9]

"Of these early Hellenes we know nothing. Thucydides, the historian of
the fall of Athens, describing his earliest ancestors, said that they
"did not amount to very much," and this was probably true. They were
very ill-mannered. They lived like pigs and threw the bodies of their
enemies to the wild dogs who guarded their sheep. They had very
little respect for other people's rights, and they killed the natives
of the Greek peninsula (who were called the Pelasgians) and stole
their farms and took their cattle and made their wives and daughters
slaves and wrote endless songs praising the courage of the clan of the
Achaeans, who had led the Hellenic advance-guard into the mountains of
Thessaly and the Peloponnesus.

But here and there, on the tops of high rock, they saw the castles of
the Aegeans and those they did not attack for they feared the metal
swords and the spears of the Aegean soldiers and knew that they could
not hope to defeat them with their clumsy stone axes.

For many centuries they continued to wander from valley to valley and
from mountain side to mountain side. Then the whole land had been
occupied and the migration had come to an end.

That moment was the beginning of the Greek civilization. The Greek
farmer, living within sight of the Aegean colonies, was finally driven
by curiosity to visit his haughty neighbors. He discovered that he
could learn many useful things from the men who dwelt behind the high
stone walls of Mycenae and Tiryns.

He was a clever pupil. Within a short time he mastered the art of
handling those strange iron weapons which the Aegeans had brought from
Babylon and from Thebes. He came to understand the mysteries of
navigation. He began to build little boats for his own use.

And when he learned everything the Aegeans could teach him he turned
upon his teachers and drove them back to their islands. Soon
afterwards he ventured forth upon the sea and conquered all the cities
of the Aegean. Finally in the fifteenth century before our era he
plundered and ravaged Cnossus and ten centuries after their first
appearance upon the scene the Hellenes were the undisputed rulers of
Greece, of the Aegean and of the coastal regiones of Asia Minor.
Troy, was destroyed in the eleventh century B. C. European history
was to begin in all seriousness."

This citing from Hendrik Willem van Loon provides us a true picture
that frequently is not drawn by the friends of Greeks. Presently
everything in that area is referred to as being Greek by most Western
"scholars". But, as the above citing shows, the original civilization
of the area and the towns that the Greeks took over from the native
Turanians were not Greek at all, just like the original civilization
of Mesopotamia was not Semitic. Initially the natives of ancient
"Greece" and all of the Aegean islands and coasts, the Mediterranean
Sea Coasts, Anatolia and the Middle East were Tur/Turk peoples (e.g.,
Pelasgians, Etruscans, Phrygians, Lydians and others) as the following
example names indicate: ION (from Tr. AY-HAN), IONIAN SEA (from Tr.

The power of altering the names of people, towns or geographical names
etc., is so potent and final that it cannot be overemphasized.
Basically it wipes out the identity of the owners of the previous
civilization and replaces it with the identity of the invaders. This
is what the Greeks have done all along and in the process all elements
of the previous civilization have been called Greek as if the Greeks
were the original creators of that civilization - and no others
existed before them. But as the above citing from Hendrik Willem van
Loon indicates, the Greeks themselves admit that before the Greeks,
there were natives there who built castles on top of hills -
indicating that those natives had a highly advanced civilization which
enabled them to build houses, castles, villages and towns etc. And
those natives did not learn those skills from the later coming Greeks.
It was the other way around. So when the Greeks refer to these
non-Greek native people as barbarians or savages, they are switching
the tables around 180 degrees. The reality is that the new incoming
Greeks were the uncivilized ones while the natives were civilized.

Take the name CHALCEDON, a town that is supposedly established by the
previous "Greek" colonizers. When this CHALCEDON name is rearranged
(decrypted) as "CC-AL-OD-HEN", with C=K and read phonetically as in
Turkish, it is a distorted rearrangement of Turkish expression "KÖK
AL-OD HAN" meaning "Sky Red-Fire Lord" referring to the Turanian Sun
God (where HAN means LORD) or meaning "Sky Red Fire Palace" referring
to the city (where HAN means PALACE). This is an ancient Turanian
tradition of naming cities after the Sun-God. The present Turkish
name of this old town is KADIKÖY and the origin of this town has
nothing to do with ancient Greeks other than that the deceptive
invaders, under the guise of opening up a commercial sales outpost in
the area, took over these lands from their original owners, and by way
of misrepresentation, changed these ancient Turkish names and words
into so-called "Greek". In their Tur/Turk opposing culture, i.e.,
anti-Tur/Turk culture, the Greeks had to change, distort and disguise
everything that was Tur/Turk and present them to the world as their
own. This technique of usurping by way of alteration has proven very
successful for the Greeks and others and is still going on.

At the time that the Greeks came and put up their "sales-outlet" (most
likely a few commercial outlet buildings in an already well
established town - otherwise why would one put up a sales outlet in
the middle of wilderness) on the so-called "European" shores of
"BOSPORUS", both sides of the area were already occupied and owned by
the ancient Thracian Tur/Turk peoples of "BISTONIUM" (BISTONES) and
BITHYNIANS. The Greek mythological explanation that the people of
CHALCEDON ("KÖK AL-OD HAN") "must have been blind not to have noticed
the obvious superiority of the site lying half a mile or so away on
the opposite shore" is an unconvincing embellishment of the Greek
tale. Of course they would have noticed the importance of that land on
the other side of the BOSPHORUS and of course they would have settled
there also - as the land belonged to Thracian Tur/Turk peoples.

Regarding the ancient names of BISTONES, BISTONIUS, BISTONIANS and
BISTONIUM, we have the following very information under the name
Bistones: "Bistones, BISTONIUM: "A Thracian people; adj. BISTONIUS,
BISTONIUSA, BISTONIUM meaning "Bistonian or Thracian". [10]

The clear cut meaning of this is that the ancient "Thracians", that
is, "TÜRK öyler" in Turkish meaning "Tur/Turk Houses" were also known
by the name "BISTONIANS".

When the Latin name BISTONIUM is rearranged as "BI-STON-UIM", it
turns out to be a distorted form of Turkish expression "BIYISTAN OYUM"
(BEYISTAN ÖYÜM) meaning "I am the House of Lord God" or "My home of
BEYISTAN". Additionally, the name BISTONIUM can be arranged as
"BIISTANUM" to show that it is the Turkish expression "BEYISTANUM"
meaning "I am BEYISTAN", thus defining the ancient name of these lands
in Turkish as Turkish.

I have already shown above that when the name BYZANTIUM is rearranged
letter-by-letter as "BYIZTANUM", it is same as the Turkish expression
"BEYISTANUM" where Turkish S has been changed into Z and letters have
been rearranged. This is the linguistic trickery used by the ancient
Greeks to come up with words for a language of their own.

Thus it is seen that the names BYZANTIUM and BISTONIUM are one and the
same, and that they are both derived from Turkish expression "BEYISTAN
OYUM" or "BEYISTANUM". The Turkic nature of these names is also
verified by the fact that presently many countries of Tur/Turk peoples
bear names containing "ISTAN" or "STAN" stems. Additionally, the very
fact that Turks still call "Greece" by the name "YUNANISTAN" is
another indication that ancient Greece, Thracia and the lands around
the Sea of Marmara were also called "BEYISTAN". Evidently, this
Ancient Turkic name "BEYISTAN ÖYÜM" or "BEYISTANUM" was usurped and
restructured into the name BYZANTIUM thereby suppressing its original
Turkic identity.

Additionally, the Latin term "BISTONIANS", meaning "people from
BEYISTAN" ("BISTONIUM"), when rearranged letter by letter as
"BISTONNIAS", and read phonetically as in Turkish, is the distorted
form of Turkish expression "BEYISTANNIYIZ" (BEYISTANLIYIZ), meaning
"we are from Beyistan". Thus two meaning verify each other. This
expression is in the Azerbaijan dialect of Turkish where N/L
translation does take place. This again verifies that the name
"BISTONIANS" was sourced from Turkish and refers to ancient Turkish
peoples in ancient Greece, Thracia and the sea of Marmara area
contrary to all the disinformation that people have been subjected to.
Similarly the ancient people of BITHYNIA were Turkish speaking
Tur/Turk people.

The ancient name "BITHYNIA" of the ancient Thracian Tur/Turk peoples,
when decrypted letter-by-letter as "BIY-HANTI", is the Turkish
expression "BEY HANDI" (BEY-HAN-IDI, BEY-HANI-IDI) meaning "it is/was
Lord's Palace" referring to the country as "home of Turkic Lords".

The lands of ancient "BITHYNIA" included the lands east of Bosphorus
up to the River Sakarya and in the south included the present day
"BURSA" which is a name that has been left over from this ancient
Tur/Turk peoples of BITHYNIA. The people of Bistoniums, Bithynians,
Troiyans, Phrygians, Lidians and the rest of the Anatolian
civilization were all Tur/Turk peoples contrary to the deliberate
disinformation perpetrated about the ancient history of Anatolia.
Thus the history and the civilization of ancient Tur/Turk peoples have
been abducted by a handful of wanderers.

In ancient so-called "Greece", that is, "YUNANISTAN", the city names
and mythological names are the same in many cases. For example,
regarding the names "Delphic Oracle" supposedly there were some
"AUGURS" in the city of "DELPHI" who could tell the future. The term
"DELPHIC" meaning one from "Delphy", is actually another distorted
Turkish expression. When DELPHIC is deciphered as "DILCH EP", where
Greek H=I, it is the Turkish expression "DILCI EPE" (DILCI APA)
meaning a "speaker person". It was such speakers in ancient times
that would make predictions about events that would supposedly take
place in the future.

Similarly the word "ORACLE", is another deceptive word meaning "the
medium by which a god reveals hidden knowledge or makes known the
divine purpose; also, the place where the revelation is given". [11]

The word "ORACLE", when decrypted as "O-R-ACLE", and read phonetically
as in Turkish, is the distorted Turkish expression "O ER AKLI" meaning
"it is the wisdom of man" which has nothing to do with divinity but
rather with the experience and wisdom attained by men who do such
things. Of course it is clear that such divinations are purported in
the mind (Tr. AKIL) and then spoken via the mouth (Tr. AGUZ) by the
tongue (Tr. DIL) using words (Tr. SÖZ).

Thus there could have been some people making such predictions at a
place called Delphy, but, in reality, the term "DELPHIC ORACLE" was
sourced from Turkish "DILCI EPE/APA" (a speaker) and "ER AKLU" meaning
"man's wisdom". Here again we are face to face with Turkish texts
being restructured into Greek.

"The Byzantines regarded themselves as the chosen people of God". [12]
It is interesting to note that Jews also regard themselves as the
chosen people of God. With this kind of claim, the Greeks and the
Jews are the only two groups that are elevated to a special position
in the eye of God. The rest of the world population, apparently,
counts for much less in the eye of God. This preferential treatment of
two particular groups of people above all others shows a very
lop-sided God concept. Indeed this concept of "God" is very different
from the ancient Turanian all-fair "God" concept which was and still
is all encompassing.

Norman F. Langford, in his book entitled "Fire Upon The Earth",
curiously writes: "Before Christ all men were equal, all were sinners,
all were offered pardon. "There is no difference," Paul wrote,
"between Jew and Greek: the same Lord is Lord of all." [13]

>From all this we see that the ancient Greek world changed everything
Turkish and Turkic claiming it as their own. This is also what
happened at Mesopotamia where the ancient Semitics obliterated the
ancient Turkic world upside down by confusing the one language that
was spoken by all at that time. Evidently, changing and rearranging
the Turkish words, names and phrases into artificially manufactured
languages (and also civilizations) has altered the ancient Turanian
world into an upside down and divided world. The ancient Greeks and
Semites wrote history as it suited them. In doing so, they not only
obliterated most of the ancient Turanian civilization, but they
deliberately alienated what was left from that ancient civilization
from its real owner, that is, the Turanian Tur/Turk peoples.


[1] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1963, Vol. 4, p. 518.
[2] Encyclopaedia Britannica World Language Dictionary (EBWLD),
1963, Vol. 1, p. 554.
[3] Encyclopaedia Britannica World Language Dictionary (EBWLD),
1963, Vol. 1, p. 554.
[4] Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Fifth Edition, 1947, p. 1190.
[5] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1963, Vol. 4, p. 535.
[6] Türkçe-Ingilizce Redhouse Sözlügü", Redhouse Yayinevi, Istanbul,
1987, p. 551.
[7] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1963, Vol. 4, p. 535.
[8] "BYZANTIUM" by Philip Sherrard and The Editors of TIME-LIFE BOOKS,
New York, 1966, p. 31.
[9] Hendrik Willem van Loon, "The Story Of Mankind", published by
Pocket Books New York, 1973, p. 50-52.
[10] Cassell's Latin-English Dictionary, p. 27.
[11] Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Fifth Edition, 1947, p. 697.
[12] "BYZANTIUM" by Philip Sherrard and The Editors of TIME-LIFE
BOOKS, New York, 1966, p. 24.
[13] Norman F. Langford, "Fire Upon The Earth", The Westminister
Press, Philadelphia, p. 20.

Best wishes to all,

Polat Kaya


End of Section 1; to be continued in Section 2