Words under the lens: Greek Numeral names No.16 - Greek words related to number "fourteen"

16.    Greek words related to number "fourteen":

Greek word DEKATESSARES, means "fourteen", and DEKATOS TETARTOS means "fourteenth", [Divry's Modern English-Greek, Greek-English Dictionary, 1988, p. 762].

Turkish cardinal numeral for "fourteen" is "ONDÖRT" and for ordinal numeral "fourteenth" is "ONDÖRDÜNCÜ". 

a)     When the Greek word DEKATESSARES, meaning "fourteen" is rearranged in two parts as "DEKA-TESSARES", we have the two terms DEKA and TESSARES which were explained under Item 12 -Greek words related to number "ten"  and Item 6  - Greek words related to number "four" respectively. There we found that DEKA was part of Greek words which were made up from Turkish expressions that used Turkish numeral 
ON, and similarly, TESSARES was part of Greek words which were made up from Turkish expressions that used Turkish numeral name DÖRT.  Hence, the term DEKA gets its meaning from Turkish ON, while TESSARES gets its meaning from Turkish DÖRT. Thus, the Greek cardinal numeral name DEKATESSARES gets its meaning from Turkish cardinal numeral "ONDÖRT" meaning "fourteen" in an indirect way.

b)    To show that the Greek term TESSARES is "four", we can examine another Greek cardinal numeral such as TESSARAKONTA meaning "forty", [Divry's Modern English-Greek, Greek-English Dictionary, 1988, p. 704].  We see that, the Greek word TESSARES, meaning "four", is a cut off front part of the name TESSARAKONTA.

When the Greek word TESSARAKONTA, meaning "forty", is rearranged letter-by-letter as
 "TORT-KES-AN-SAA" or "TART-KES-ON-SAA" it is an altered, restructured, disguised and Hellenized form of the Turkish mathematical expression "DÖRT KEZ ON SAYI" meaning "number 'four times ten'" which is "forty" This "DÖRT KEZ ON" is an expression from the Turkish "Multiplication Tables" that means "forty". Thus, we again find that the Greek numeral TESSARA gets its meaning of "four" from Turkish cardinal numeral "DÖRT" as I indicated before.  We also see that by use of this Turkish expression, the use of the Turkish cardinal numeral name KIRK meaning "forty" has been avoided.  

As a result of these findings, we can say that the Greek cardinal numeral name DEKATESSARES meaning "fourteen" has been formulated, in a labyrinthine way, using Turkish numerals 
"ON" and "DÖRT". 

Turkish word 
DÖRT means "four", KEZ means "times", ON means "ten"ONDÖRT means "fourteen"SAYI means "number".

c)   Greek composite name DEKATOS TETARTOS means "fourteenth".  The Greek term DEKATOS also has another form DEKATON, [Divry's dictionary, p. 468].  This makes the Greek ordinal numeral name for "fourteenth" also to have the composite form of DEKATON TETARTOS In this expression the term DEKATON mathematically stands for numeral "ten" and the term TETARTOS stands for numeral "four" or "fourth" 

d)    Interestingly, with this knowledge, when the term DEKATON is rearranged as "DEKA-ONT", it is found to be the restructured Turkish expression 
"'DEKA' ONTU" ('DEKA' ONDU) meaning "the term 'DEKA' is ten"This, again describes in Turkish the fact that the term DEKA corresponds to Turkish cardinal numeral ON meaning "ten". 

e)    Additionally, the Greek term TETARTOS, corresponding to numeral "four" or "fourth", rearranged as "TORTSETA", is the altered, restructured and Hellenized form  of the Turkish expression
"DÖRTCIDI" which is a shortened version of the Turkish ordinal numeral "DÖRTINCIDI" meaning "it is fourth". 

Thus, the Greek composite term DEKATON TETARTOS is a term that has been made up, in a convoluted way, from the Turkish expression "ONDÖRTCIDI" meaning "'it is fourteenth". 

All of this shows that whichever way we inspect these "Greek" numeral names, that is, DEKATESSARES and DEKATOS TETARTOS, we find a mathematical expression in Turkish that makes them "fourteen" and "fourteenth" related in Turkish! 

Polat Kaya