Words under the lens: Greek Numeral names No.18 - Greek words related to number "sixteen"

18.    Greek words related to number "sixteen":

Greek word DEKAEKIS means "sixteen", and DEKATOS EKTOS means "sixteenth", [Divry's Modern English-Greek, Greek-English Dictionary, 1988, p. 762].

Turkish cardinal numeral for "sixteen" is "ONALTI" and for ordinal numeral "sixteenth" is "ONALTINCI". 

a)   Greek word DEKAEKIS, meaning "sixteen", rearranged as
 "DEKA-EKI-S" is from Turkish mathematical expression  "ON IKI-ÜÇ" meaning "ten two-threes", that is, mathematically, 10 + (3 + 3) = 10 + (2x3) = 16. Greek numerals DEKA and EKIS were explained under Item 12 -Greek words related to number "ten"  and under Item 8  - Greek words related to number "six" respectively. There we found that DEKA was part of Greek words which were made up from Turkish expressions that used Turkish numeral ON meaning "ten", and EKIS was made up from Turkish mathematical expression "IKi-üŞ" (IKI ÜÇ) meaning "two three", that is, "six". Thus, the Greek cardinal numeral name DEKAEKIS is fabricated from Turkish expression "ON IKI-ÜÇ" - which makes Turkish cardinal numeral "ONALTI" meaning "sixteen". We note that by using the Turkish mathematical expression "ON IKI-ÜÇ" the Turkish cardinal numeral name "ONALTI" has been avoided.

b)    Even the English word SIXTEEN has also been made up in this way. The word SIXTEEN, with letter X being "KS" or "EKS" or "KIS" and replaced with this substitution makes the word SIKISTEEN.  In this form, when it is rearranged letter-by-letter as
 "IKI-ESS-ENT", it is the altered, restructured, disguised and Anglicized form of the Turkish expression "IKI-ÜŞ  ON'Du" (IKI-ÜÇ ON'Du)" meaning "it is two-threes and ten" (i.e,  (3 + 3) + 10 = 16) .  Alternatively, when rearranged as "IKIS-ES-ENT", it is the altered, restructured, disguised and Anglicized form of the Turkish expression "IKIZ-ÜÇ ON'Du meaning "it is twin-threes and ten", (i.e,  (3 + 3) + 10 = 16) . This again makes Turkish cardinal numeral "ONALTI" meaning "sixteen" In either case the source of the word is Turkish.

Turkish word 
IKI means "two", IKIZ means "twin", ÜÇ (ÜŞ) means "three", ON means "ten". [Note:  Sumerians used the word EŞ (i.e., ÜÇ) for number "three". Thus, it was a form of the Turkish cardinal numeral name ÜÇ (ÜŞ) meaning "three"].

c)   The Greek ordinal numeral name DEKATOS EKTOS, meaning "sixteenth", when rearranged as "DEKA-KE-OS-SOTT" where DEKA is from Turkish ON, KE is from Turkish IKI, OS is from Turkish ÜŞ (ÜÇ) and SOTT is the altered form of the Turkish term CÜDÜ , thus making the Greek term DEKATOS EKTOS an altered and restructured form of the Turkish expression "ON IKI-ÜŞCIDI" which is a shortened form of the Turkish mathematical expression "ON IKI-ÜÇÜNCIDI" meaning "it is ten + (two-three)th", that is, "it is the sixteenth".  Again Turkish ordinal numeral name "ONALTINCI" meaning "sixteenth" has been avoided! 

Polat Kaya